Analyzing Writing Styles

you are essentially making an argument about the discourse differences between a science report and a mass media article on the same TOPIC/SUBJECT. Your argument is why the difference exist and what those difference mean to other college students. Why is it important for them to understand the concepts you’re going to explain? How will you present the rhetorical situation and exigence in writing the essay?

Strategies for Success

  • Have an effective thesis statement that makes a debatable claim
  • Avoid first/second person in your response UNLESS you make a personal connection as an introductory technique. 
  • Use an evenhanded tone and dealing with all points of view fairly. 
  • Acknowledge and respond to a counterargument of your claim.

Address these questions in your essay:

  • What is the rhetorical situation—exigence, rhetors, audiences, context, constraints—for each text?
  • What is the genre of each text? (For instance, is one a peer-reviewed research article and the other a two-minute news report?) Is there a genre shift between the original presentation of the scientist’s work and its popularization? Why was one genre not appropriate or useful in the other rhetorical situation?
  • How subtly or obviously are claims stated in each (and how accurately)? How do the
    scientists state the significance of their claims? How does this compare to how the
    media account states the significance of the scientific claims?
  • How are non-specialists accommodated in the mass media piece—through lan-
    guage change, tone change, more overt statement of significance, the use of more sweeping claims (e.g., “the only kind” or “the first kind”), placement of information in the paragraph or sentence, removal of qualifiers or hedges (taking out “appears” or “suggests”), changes in phrasing that are more removed from the observed results of the study by leaping to results? Why are these changes made? Does the meaning change when these rhetorical changes are made?
  • What sources are used in the original science report and in the media accommoda- tion of it? Does the accommodation go beyond the published research to include interviews for quotations from the scientists not found in the original article? Do these interview quotations include observations and conclusions not found in the original published article? Why are these changes made? What is the effect of these changes?
  • Is contradictory evidence omitted in the accommodation? Why?
  • Are unsupportable or unsupported claims included in the accommodation? Why?
  • Is there any evidence that the scientists tried to refute claims in the accommoda-
    tion? Given your analysis of information published about this research, did the
    scientist succeed in changing the claims made about his/her work?
  • To your knowledge, did other scientists refute the claims of the original scien-
    tists after the original publication? If so, were those counterarguments ever publicized? 

Strategies for Success

  • Have an effective thesis statement that makes a debatable claim
  • An example thesis for an argumentative essay might look like this:

Some may argue that states should define rules regarding animal testing for cosmetic purposes (rebuttal), however, Congress should ban animal research (claim) because if the discussions were left up to states, corporations would move from state to state to avoid penalties (backing).

  • Avoid first/second person in your response UNLESS you make a personal connection as an introductory technique. 
  • Use an evenhanded tone and dealing with all points of view fairly. 
  • Acknowledge and respond to a counterargument of your claim.
  • Be sure to review the rubric for specific assignment expectations.
  • You will need to have 3 – 4 sources for your research (the sources need to come from the Triton Database or textbook) and be cited correctly.

Format Guidelines

  • Essay word count is 1250* – 1500* words (6 – 7 pages). (* does not include cited material, i.e. works cited page and in-text citations)
  • At least 10 paragraphs.
  • Use traditional MLA essay structure (use the MLA essay template in Microsoft Word). Use the default settings on your word processing program (“normal” margins,12-point font, Calibri or Times New Roman). Double-space your essay and include page numbers and headers.

Strategies for Success

  • Have an effective thesis statement that makes a debatable claim
  • An example thesis for an argumentative essay might look like this:

Some may argue that states should define rules regarding animal testing for cosmetic purposes (rebuttal), however, Congress should ban animal research (claim) because if the discussions were left up to states, corporations would move from state to state to avoid penalties (backing).

  • Avoid first/second person in your response UNLESS you make a personal connection as an introductory technique. 
  • Use an evenhanded tone and dealing with all points of view fairly. 
  • Acknowledge and respond to a counterargument of your claim.
  • Be sure to review the rubric for specific assignment expectations.
  • You will need to have 3 – 4 sources for your research (the sources need to come from the Triton Database or textbook) and be cited correctly.

Format Guidelines

  • Essay word count is 1250* – 1500* words (6 – 7 pages). (* does not include cited material, i.e. works cited page and in-text citations)
  • At least 10 paragraphs.
  • Use traditional MLA essay structure (use the MLA essay template in Microsoft Word). Use the default settings on your word processing program (“normal” margins,12-point font, Calibri or Times New Roman). Double-space your essay and include page numbers and headers.

Strategies for Success

  • Have an effective thesis statement that makes a debatable claim
  • An example thesis for an argumentative essay might look like this:

Some may argue that states should define rules regarding animal testing for cosmetic purposes (rebuttal), however, Congress should ban animal research (claim) because if the discussions were left up to states, corporations would move from state to state to avoid penalties (backing).

  • Avoid first/second person in your response UNLESS you make a personal connection as an introductory technique. 
  • Use an evenhanded tone and dealing with all points of view fairly. 
  • Acknowledge and respond to a counterargument of your claim.
  • Be sure to review the rubric for specific assignment expectations.
  • You will need to have 3 – 4 sources for your research (the sources need to come from the Triton Database or textbook) and be cited correctly.

Format Guidelines

  • Essay word count is 1250* – 1500* words (6 – 7 pages). (* does not include cited material, i.e. works cited page and in-text citations)
  • At least 10 paragraphs.
  • Use traditional MLA essay structure (use the MLA essay template in Microsoft Word). Use the default settings on your word processing program (“normal” margins,12-point font, Calibri or Times New Roman). Double-space your essay and include page numbers and headers.

Strategies for Success

  • Have an effective thesis statement that makes a debatable claim
  • An example thesis for an argumentative essay might look like this:

Some may argue that states should define rules regarding animal testing for cosmetic purposes (rebuttal), however, Congress should ban animal research (claim) because if the discussions were left up to states, corporations would move from state to state to avoid penalties (backing).

  • Avoid first/second person in your response UNLESS you make a personal connection as an introductory technique. 
  • Use an evenhanded tone and dealing with all points of view fairly. 
  • Acknowledge and respond to a counterargument of your claim.
  • Be sure to review the rubric for specific assignment expectations.
  • You will need to have 3 – 4 sources for your research (the sources need to come from the Triton Database or textbook) and be cited correctly.

Format Guidelines

  • Essay word count is 1250* – 1500* words (6 – 7 pages). (* does not include cited material, i.e. works cited page and in-text citations)
  • At least 10 paragraphs.
  • Use traditional MLA essay structure (use the MLA essay template in Microsoft Word). Use the default settings on your word processing program (“normal” margins,12-point font, Calibri or Times New Roman). Double-space your essay and include page numbers and headers.

Strategies for Success

  • Have an effective thesis statement that makes a debatable claim
  • An example thesis for an argumentative essay might look like this:

Some may argue that states should define rules regarding animal testing for cosmetic purposes (rebuttal), however, Congress should ban animal research (claim) because if the discussions were left up to states, corporations would move from state to state to avoid penalties (backing).

  • Avoid first/second person in your response UNLESS you make a personal connection as an introductory technique. 
  • Use an evenhanded tone and dealing with all points of view fairly. 
  • Acknowledge and respond to a counterargument of your claim.
  • Be sure to review the rubric for specific assignment expectations.
  • You will need to have 3 – 4 sources for your research (the sources need to come from the Triton Database or textbook) and be cited correctly.

Format Guidelines

  • Essay word count is 1250* – 1500* words (6 – 7 pages). (* does not include cited material, i.e. works cited page and in-text citations)
  • At least 10 paragraphs.
  • Use traditional MLA essay structure (use the MLA essay template in Microsoft Word). Use the default settings on your word processing program (“normal” margins,12-point font, Calibri or Times New Roman). Double-space your essay and include page numbers and headers.
  • Format Guidelines
  • Essay word count is 1250* – 1500* words (6 – 7 pages). (* does not include cited material, i.e. works cited page and in-text citations)
  • Use traditional MLA essay structure 

Links to News Article

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/07/200702144054.htm

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